The German Energy Transition
Germany’s perceived green global leadership role was taken to new heights in 2011 when the German government embarked on an ambitious energy transition, die Energiewende. In short, Germany is revamping its energy sector and indeed its whole economy to run on zero-carbon, clean energy, while it simultaneously phases out nuclear power. The energy transition underway aims to cut the dependence on fossil fuel imports, to fight climate change, and to build up a green industrial sector that sets standards for future markets and provides well-paying jobs for thousands of people.
Internationally, this energy transition is viewed with great interest and suspicion at the same time. How is Germany going to manage this vast energy revolution? Can a highly industrialized economy be dominantly powered with wind and solar energy? What about energy costs and grid stability? Can Germany stick to its ambitious climate targets while closing down its nuclear power sector?
This dossier provides practical insights from the German Energy Transition. It will offer perspectives from energy experts around the world and draw conclusions by comparing the German case to other countries green energy efforts.